Revitalizing the Grassroots Democracy: A Deep Dive into “Indian Constitution”

Publication Information

Journal Title: Journal of Legal Studies & Research
Author(s): Anant Narayani Raj & Dr. Piyush Kumar Trivedi
Published On: 07/03/2024
Volume: 10
Issue: 1
First Page: 143
Last Page: 154
ISSN: 2455-2437
Publisher: The Law Brigade Publisher

DOI: 10.55662/JLSR.2024.10103

Cite this Article

Anant Narayani Raj & Dr. Piyush Kumar Trivedi, Revitalizing the Grassroots Democracy: A Deep Dive into “Indian Constitution”, Volume 10 Issue 1, Journal of Legal Studies & Research, 143-154, Published on 07/03/2024, 10.55662/JLSR.2024.10103 Available at


Our Indian Constitution recognizes the importance of grassroots democracy and has provided for its implementation through Schedule 11. This section of the Constitution outlines the powers and responsibilities of local self-government institutions, commonly known as Panchayat, in rural areas. Despite the constitutional mandate and the 73rd amendment, which aimed to strengthen local governance, there are still challenges faced in the implementation of Schedule 11. As a result, rural areas in India continue to suffer from a lack of development. This chapter seeks to provide a deep dive into Schedule 11 of the Indian Constitution and shed light on the challenges faced in its implementation. It also explores the relevance of Schedules 5 and 6, which deal with the administration of tribal areas, to Schedule 11. The paper takes a holistic view of the issue, examining the historical context and the current state of affairs. The foundation of a strong building is its strength, and the strength of a democracy lies in its grassroots institutions. This paper emphasizes the need to revitalize these institutions to ensure that democracy truly reaches the grassroots. The paper presents a thorough analysis of the issues faced in implementing Schedule 11, including challenges related to capacity building, financial resources, and political will. The relevance of Schedules 5 and 6 in empowering tribal communities and promoting inclusive governance is also highlighted. Overall, this research paper provides a comprehensive view of the challenges and opportunities for revitalizing grassroots democracy in India. It serves as a valuable resource for policymakers, researchers, and other stakeholders interested in promoting inclusive governance and sustainable development in rural areas.

Keywords: Panchayat, Schedule 11, Constitution, PESA Act, Schedule 5 and 6

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