Law of Environment in India: Problems and Challenges in its Enforcement

Publication Information

Journal Title: Journal of Legal Studies & Research
Author(s): Dr. Pawan Kumar Saini
Published On: 28/02/2022
Volume: 8
Issue: 1
First Page: 324
Last Page: 335
ISSN: 2455-2437
Publisher: The Law Brigade Publisher

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Dr. Pawan Kumar Saini, Law of Environment in India: Problems and Challenges in its Enforcement, Volume 8 Issue 1, Journal of Legal Studies & Research, 324-335, Published on 28/02/2022, Available at


Nowadays, the protection, conservation and improvement of environment are main and major issues or problems in India and as well as all over the world. The term environment includes of both physical environment and biological or ecological environment. The physical environment includes issues relating to land, water and air and the other hand biological environment includes issues relating to plants, animals and other organisms. Both physical and biological environment are mutually dependent and connected each other. The major factor in India like Industrialization, urbanization, explosion of population, over-exploitation of natural resources, disruption of natural ecological balances, destruction of a multitude of animal and plant species for economic reasons, which have contributed to environmental worsening. Thus it is true that, one country’s deprivation of environment degrades the global environment for all the countries[i] in the world. The problem of environmental pollution has acquired international dimension and India is no exception to it.

In this present paper, an effort has been made to momentarily outline the various Indian legislations relating to the environment, which are mainly and more relevant to protect and improve the environment in India. The enforcement of these legislations has also been critically examined and evaluated in systematically manner. Lastly, some suggestions also have been provided by the author.

[i] Shyam Divan and Martha L. Noble, ‘Environmental Law and Policy in India’ (1991), p.p. 25.

Keywords: Environment pollution, Industrialization, Urbanization, Explosion of population, Stockholm Declaration of 1972, National Environment Tribunal Act, 1995, National Green Tribunal Act, 2010

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