Forensic Law: Alcohol and Narcotic Substances

Publication Information

Journal Title: Journal of Legal Studies & Research
Author(s): Stuti Sharma
Published On: 05/03/2024
Volume: 10
Issue: 1
First Page: 116
Last Page: 125
ISSN: 2455-2437
Publisher: The Law Brigade Publisher

DOI: 10.55662/JLSR.2024.10102

Cite this Article

Stuti Sharma, Forensic Law: Alcohol and Narcotic Substances, Volume 10 Issue 1, Journal of Legal Studies & Research, 116-125, Published on 05/03/2024, 10.55662/JLSR.2024.10102 Available at


This research project deals with the issues of Alcohol and Narcotic Substances including the ways to conduct the alcohol test. The scope of this research project is to show that how law and science have not been static since its inception and we cannot just incorporate these scientific techniques that affect the fundamentality of legal systems. The 1961 Convention , which was expanded and strengthened by the 1972 Protocol, is considered a major achievement in international drug control because it consolidated all previous conventions and streamlined the international drug control machinery. The 1961 Convention establishes strict controls on the cultivation of opium poppy, coca bush, cannabis plant and their products, which, in the Convention, are described as “narcotic drugs” (although cocaine is a stimulant drug rather than one that induces sleep). Control is exercised over 134 narcotic drugs , mainly natural products, such as opium and its derivatives, morphine, codeine and heroin, but also synthetic drugs, such as methadone as well as cannabis and coca leaf. Parties to the 1961 Convention  undertake to limit the production, manufacture, export, import, distribution and stocks of, trade in and use and possession of the con-trolled drugs so that they are used exclusively for medical and scientific purposes. The production and distribution of controlled substances must be licensed and supervised, and Governments must provide estimates and statistical returns to INCB on the forms supplied for that purpose , on the quantities of drugs required, manufactured and utilized and the quantities seized by police and customs officers. This whole process is controlled by pushing the suspected person into the state of hypnotic trance and monitoring the blood pressure and heart rate continuously.”

The control system established under the 1961 Convention functions well, and the system of estimates first introduced by the 1931 Convention is considered to be the key to that success. The system of estimates covers all States, regardless of whether or not they are parties to the 1961 Convention. Each year, INCB publishes information about the licit movement of the internationally controlled narcotic drugs.

Keywords: Issues of Alcohol and Narcotic Substances, Scientific Techniques, Procedures of the Alcohol Test, Legal Framework and Legal Handling, Procedures to Submit the Application.

Share this research

Latest Publications

Journal of Legal Studies & Research
Scroll to Top