Exploring the Motivations behind Terrorist Groups’ Reliance on Violence over Diplomacy

Publication Information

Journal Title: Journal of Legal Studies & Research
Author(s): Dr Purushothaman Sundaramurthy & Dr Srigouri Kosuri
Published On: 09/01/2024
Volume: 9
Issue: 6
First Page: 462
Last Page: 478
ISSN: 2455-2437
Publisher: The Law Brigade Publisher

DOI: 10.55662/JLSR.2023.9606

Cite this Article

Dr Purushothaman Sundaramurthy & Dr Srigouri Kosuri, Exploring the Motivations behind Terrorist Groups’ Reliance on Violence over Diplomacy, Volume 9 Issue 6, Journal of Legal Studies & Research, 462-478, Published on 09/01/2024, 10.55662/JLSR.2023.9606 Available at https://jlsr.thelawbrigade.com/article/exploring-the-motivations-behind-terrorist-groups-reliance-on-violence-over-diplomacy/


This study investigates the complex aspects of terrorism, analysing the interconnected elements of psychology, ideology, and strategy that influence the motives and behaviours of individuals and groups. The study explores the psychological aspects of radicalisation, focusing on processes such as dehumanisation and the influence of socioeconomic factors. It aims to understand the psychological vulnerabilities that can lead to extremist ideologies. Additionally, the study examines the underlying beliefs of extremism and the refusal to engage in negotiation, which form the basis of terrorism. The inherent absolutism of these ideologies emerges as a prominent motif, influencing the inflexible mindsets that propel individuals and collectives towards acts of violence. Simultaneously, the study examines how refusing to compromise creates a substantial ideological obstacle, impeding diplomatic resolutions and promoting prolonged disputes. The paper examines the deliberate strategies utilised by terrorist organisations, emphasising the strategic considerations at play. This study uncovers how terrorism is strategically employed as a means of spreading propaganda and instilling fear. It also explores the adoption of asymmetrical warfare. The deliberate targeting of civilians is shown to intensify the impact of these acts and convey a message that extends beyond the immediate carnage. The interaction between propaganda and fear demonstrates the deliberate utilisation of psychological trauma as a calculated tactic to impose influence and pressure on governments. The study proposes an interdisciplinary approach to counterterrorism, emphasising the importance of diverse techniques that tackle the underlying causes of radicalisation, interact with ideological principles, and disrupt the deliberate tactics employed by terrorist organisations. The study highlights the significance of international cooperation and the exchange of information in developing efficient counterterrorism strategies, recognising the worldwide scope of terrorism. This study offers detailed and complex insights into the complex dynamics of terrorism, which can be used to develop comprehensive and flexible solutions to enhance global security and resilience.

Keywords: Terrorism, Counterterrorism strategies, Global Security, Diplomacy, Geopolitics, Psychological Factors

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