Ethical and Legal Implications of Tabular Neural Networks in Cardiac Disease Prediction: A Paradigm Shift in Healthcare

Publication Information

Journal Title: Journal of Legal Studies & Research
Author(s): Rahul Ranjan
Published On: 27/12/2023
Volume: 9
Issue: 6
First Page: 491
Last Page: 503
ISSN: 2455-2437
Publisher: The Law Brigade Publisher

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Rahul Ranjan, Ethical and Legal Implications of Tabular Neural Networks in Cardiac Disease Prediction: A Paradigm Shift in Healthcare, Volume 9 Issue 6, Journal of Legal Studies & Research, 491-503, Published on 27/12/2023, Available at


Cardiac disease remains a formidable global health challenge, claiming a significant number of lives annually. Early detection is pivotal in mitigating its impact, and the integration of machine learning, particularly tabular neural networks, presents a revolutionary approach. This opinion piece delves into the ethical and legal dimensions surrounding the utilization of Tabular Neural Networks (TabNet) in cardiac disease prediction, marking a paradigm shift in healthcare.

The research at the heart of this discourse focuses on the development of an artificial intelligence-based system, employing the UCI Machine Learning Repository’s heart disease dataset for training and validation. Traditional classification techniques, including logistic regression, random forest, gradient boosting, and extreme gradient boosting, are juxtaposed with the TabNet model. TabNet’s unique architecture, utilizing sequential attention for feature selection, proves to be robust, interpretable, and efficient in handling tabular data.

As we unravel the promising results, validated through various metrics such as ROC curves, accuracy, precision, sensitivity, specificity, and confusion matrices, the ethical considerations become paramount. The ethical dimension extends to issues of patient consent, data privacy, and the transparency of the decision-making process. The interpretability of TabNet, which allows for understanding its decision steps, adds a layer of ethical scrutiny.

Simultaneously, the legal implications come into sharp focus. The potential consequences of a false positive or false negative in cardiac disease prediction could have significant legal ramifications for healthcare providers. The interplay between machine learning algorithms and the existing legal frameworks raises questions about liability, accountability, and the need for regulatory frameworks tailored to this rapidly advancing field.

This opinion piece critically analyzes the ethical and legal considerations, contemplating the need for guidelines and regulations that strike a balance between harnessing the potential of TabNet in improving healthcare outcomes and safeguarding individual rights. It advocates for a proactive approach in shaping the ethical and legal landscape to ensure responsible and accountable implementation of tabular neural networks in cardiac disease prediction.

Keywords: Tabular Neural Networks, Cardiac Disease Prediction, Ethical Implications, Legal Framework, Healthcare Paradigm Shift

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